The PlantBracatinga is a tree from the genus Mimosa. It is one of the fastest-growing trees in the world, reaching a height of 15 meters (49ft) tall in only 3 years. Bracatingas are native to the southern regions of Brazil, where they grow in colder humid weather in mixed Araucaria moist forests.
The relief consists of plains, mountains, valleys, broad floodplains in the basins of the Iguaçu and Jangada Rivers, on the border with the state of Paraná. The area is located in the Iguaçu basin and its tributaries. The climate is predominantly humid mesothermal with an average annual temperature of 16.7 °C (62 °F), with fresh summers averaging 21 °C (69.8 °F) and cold winters averaging 12.6 °C (54 °F). In winter, frosts often occur. The average annual rainfall is 1530 mm.
The primary economic sector in this area is forestry (production of cellulose and furniture) and agriculture. Both activities help reduce rural exodus and generate income for people living on the land.
The region is well known for its natural touristic attractions. One of the most famous is the 'Caminho das Águas": The Water Path. The tourism sector of the municipality has a lot of diversity and structure for tourists. In total, there are 150 waterfalls and rapids that make up the natural scenery of the interior. One of the highlights is Salto do Pintado, 18 km from the central area. With 30 meters of height, it supplies energy to the church bench factory of São Miguel da Serra, one of the most prestigious districts of the municipality. Also worthy of note is the Salto do Rio dos Pardos, 72 meters high. Besides these, many other waterfalls have more wild styles; some are difficult to reach and end up attracting tourists to extreme adventures such as rappelling, trekking, and canoeing.
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